National Parties in India are the political parties are that are eligible to participate in the elections in India. Even before the independence of India. For instance, the Indian National Congress (INC) is the oldest national party in India that was formed in 1885. After India got freedom, the British Govt. Handed over the administration of India to the leaders of the Indian National Congress.
As of now, there are eight national parties in India. A national party may be a registered party which will have a reserved party symbol, free broadcast time on state-run television and radio associated with the party activities or in favor of the party.
How is that the national party formed?
Any registered party that fulfills one among the subsequent. Three conditions are often recognized as a National Party.
National Parties in India
In the first election contested by BJP, its performance wasn’t satisfactory, it managed to win only 2 Lok Sabha seats. within the next Lok Sabha elections of 1998, the BJP-led coalition National Democratic Alliance (NDA), which is an alliance of center-right and right-wing political parties, won the election and formed government for 18 months under Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
Again after the fresh elections in 1999 NDA government came into power headed by Atal Bihari Vajpayee as Prime Minister who completed the complete term of 5 years. However, it remained because of the main opposition party for the subsequent ten years. Thereafter, it won the overall elections in 2014 and came in power with Narendra Modi as 15th Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014. The recognition of Narendra Modi increased tremendously during his tenure and again he was ready. Become the prime minister of India after BJP won the 2019 Lok Sabha election.
The election symbol of BJP and its Significance:
It’s many representations like it indicates a national identity uphold by the BJP. Cultural unity of India, etc.
Indian National Congress (INC)
Even before India got independence. After India became a free country in 1947. British Govt. handed over the administration of India to Indian National Congress’s leaders.
National Parties in India
After the partition of India, the congress was the most important party to control India under the leadership of Nehru. After the demise of Nehru, the party faced some challenges. Nehru’s daughter Gandhi became the prime minister of India in 1966. She didn’t get support from the powerful right-wing group within the congress. So, in 1969, the party split into two groups; one was with Morarji Desai, and therefore the other was with Gandhi.
Thereafter, it won the overall elections in 2014 and came in power with Narendra Modi as 15th Prime Minister of India on 26 May 2014. The recognition of Narendra Modi increased tremendously during his tenure and again he was ready.
Congress under the leadership of Gandhi won. Two elections 1971 national elections and 1972 state elections but lost the election of 1977 thanks to her emergency rule. Thereafter, it returned to power in 1980. Later, after her demise, her son Rajiv Gandhi held the reins of Congress. Thereafter Congress returned to power in 2004 with Manmohan Singh of their party because of the prime minister of India. However, in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, Congress suffered a landslide loss.